To be ignorant of what occurred before you were born is to remain perpetually a child. For what is the worth of a human life unless it is woven into the life of our ancestors by the records of history?
- Marcus Tullius Cicero, 106-43 B.C.

Wednesday, May 23, 2012

Surnames

I have come across many surnames in my genealogy search so far, and I am only 1+ month into my quest. I can only imagine when I am 1+ year what else I might uncover! But today I want to focus on the surnames I have come across and what they mean and where they originate from.

I know no one really cares it is more for my own personal use than for anything else. So feel free to ignore this if you wish to.

I am not going to go into detail which side and from who the surname comes from cause honestly I see myself getting very confused in the midst of it all..so bear with me. I have pulled majority of my research from The Internet Surname Database, amazing resource! And then the rest I have come by from trusty Google.

Wurzer: German
One who sold vegetables?

Meader: English
Recorded in the spellings of Mead, Meade, Medd, Meads, Meder, Meader, and Meaders, this is an English surname. It has two possible and distinct origins. The first and most likely, being an English topographical name from residence by a 'mede or mead' The derivation being from the pre 7th Century word "moed", the later medieval "mede", and describing a water meadow or specifically land which was flooded with water in winter , but used for grazing in summer. The second possibility is that the name originated as a metonymic occupational name for a brewer or seller of "Mead". This fermented beverage made from honey and water, often with spices added, was the popular drink of the Middle Ages.
McCormick: Old Gaelic (Scottish and Irish) with variant spellings MacCormack, Cormick etc., is an Anglicized form of the Old Gaelic (Scottish and Irish) patronymic MacCormaig i.e., "son of Cormac", a personal name from the early Celtic "corb-mac" meaning "chariot lad" or "charioteer".

Sadick: English
Beofre English spelling was standardiszed a few hudred years ago, spelling variations of names were a commone occurrence. Elements of Latin, French and other languages became incorportated into English through the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Sadick include Sedgewick, Sedgewicke, Sedwick and many more.
Blacka: Scottish and English
This very old and famous surname, equally popular in Scotland and England, has at least two possible origins, the first being a nickname given by the invading Angles and Saxons to the native Celts and Britons who were darker-haired and darker-skinned than themselves. There is an ancient fable that Wulfricus Niger, otherwise known as Wulfric the Black circa 980, received his name after blackening his face in order to pass undetected through his enemies. The second possible origin is as a shortened form of Black-Smith, a worker in cold metals, as distinct from a White (Smith), one who worked in hot metals. The surname was popular in Scotland from the 15th Century. Adam Black of Edinburgh (1784 - 1874), a publisher, acquired the rights to the Encyclopedia Britannica in 1827. No less than ten Coats of Arms were granted to families of this name. Those borne by Gilbert Black, Dean of the Guild of Aberdeen (1672), depict a black saltire between a red mullet in chief and a red crescent in base, on a silver shield with a black chief. A demi lion proper is on the Crest, and the Motto, "Non Crux, sed lux", translates as, "Not the cross, but its light".


Gross: German
Recorded in many forms including Gros, Gross, Grose, Grosse, Groz, Groos, and compounds such as Grossbauer, Grooskopf, Grosman, Groseman and Grossman, this is a surname recorded in the British Isles over many centuries, but essentially of Germanic pre 6th century origins. Gross means big or large, and in most cases with the surname it originally meant what it says. For example as Grossman, this could indicate either a big man, or more likely a friend or servant of a person called Gross. Compound surnames were not necessarily descriptive at all, they were often purely ornamental. As such they were given either to refugees from foreign parts, Germany being considered for centuries the most liberal part of Europe, or sometimes to people who had a very popular name like Schmit or Schmidt. This name was even more popular than in the British Isles and the government encouraged nameholders to adopt other identifiable names, of which this is a good example.

Doucet: French
French language surname, especially popular in Canada, the former area of Acadia in particular (now Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and parts of Quebec and New England. A common variant in spelling is "Doucette". Most Doucets in Canada pronounce their surname as "DOU-set" or "Dou-SET", rather than "Dou-SAY" as modern French might require. Some argue this pronuciation may derive from dialects of sixteenth century French such as was found in Brittany, a common origin of French-Canadian settlers; however Dou-SAY is the most popular pronunciation among Cajuns in Louisiana.
Comeau: French
The Comeau surname is considered topographic. These names were mainly given to individuals in regard to their location. So, the surname Comeau would have been given to an individual livling in a combe, a valley.
Arsenault: Russian originally from Greek
This surname of ARSENAULT was a Russian baptismal name, originally from the Greek given name ARSENI, meaning 'virile, masculine'.

Hachae-Gall: ????
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Maethot: ????
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David: Hebrew?
This famous medieval surname is recorded in over one hundred spellings, and found throughout Europe. These include examples such as Daud, Dewi, and Taffe, through to patronymics Davidge, Davidovich, and Davitashvili. It owes its popularlity to the Hebrew male given name "David" meaning "beloved", which as a given name has always been very popular with both the Jews and the Christians. The reasons are rather confused, but essentially the original King David, regarded as the greatest of the early kings of Israel, is held upto be a popular hero by both races. The popularity of the name throughout Europe followed the famous "crusades" of the 11th and 12th centuries, when successive generations of kings mounted expeditions to save the Holy Land for Christianity. All were unsuccessful, but returning soldiers and pilgrims fired by their experiences, gave biblical names to their children in commemoration of their father's exploits. David was one of the most popular.

Lenormand: Olde English
This interesting name originated either as an ethnic byname for Scandinavian settlers in England, who came to be known as Northmen or Normen, from the Olde English "Northmann" (plural "Northmenn"), meaning "men from the North", or as a post - Conquest name for someone from Normandy in the North of France. The derivation in this case is from the Old French "Normand" or "Normant", a Norman. Many of these Normans were themselves originally of Scandinavian origin, which makes for an interesting re-introduction of the name into England. The personal byname Norman, with its Latinized form "Normannus", was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086, and continued in popularity as a personal name throughout the subsequent Centuries. in the modern idiom the surname can be found spelt as Normand, Normant and Lenormand.

Bioselle: ????
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Le Laboureurer: ????
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Bardin: Anglo-Saxton English
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Chartrae: ????
The nationality of Chartray may be very difficult to determine because regional boundaries change over time, leaving the nation of origin indeterminate. The original ethnicity of Chartray may be difficult to determine as result of whether the name came about naturally and independently in various locales; for example, in the case of surnames that come from a craft, which can crop up in multiple countries independently (such as the name "Miller" which referred to the profession of working in a mill).

Rancin: Scottish
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Hallae: English
The Hall surname has several possible derivations: First a place name derived from various words for "large house," usually used to signify someone who lived in or worked in a hall or manor house. Second from the Norse hale and Anglo-Saxon haele, meaning "hero." Third possibly an old Norse word for "boulder, slope," thus meaning someone who lived on a slope. And last but not least possibly from the Norwegian hallr, meaning "flint."

Conflans: ????
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Chaignot: French
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Roisser: ????
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Maranda: ????
This is a locational name recorded in the spellings of Miranda, Mirando, and Amiranda. It can be from any of the various places called 'Miranda' in Spain, Catalonia, and Portugal. The placename and hence the surname, derives from the Roman (Latin) "mirandus" meaning "wondrous" or "lovely", but in the context of a village translates as "the admired place". It is also possible that in some instances the surname derives from the north eastern Spanish "miralla" meaning a watchtower or look out post. The surname in the spelling of 'Morando' is frequently recorded in the registers of St. Mary's church, Woolnoth, London, from the mid 16th Century onwards, an example being Clement Morando who was a witness there on May 17th 1565.

Valet: French
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Huard: English

When the final definitive history of famous English surnames is written, the surname of Howard will surely be near the head of the list. There are two possible derivations for the name; it may derive from the Norman personal names "Huard", and "Heward", introduced into England after the Conquest of 1066, and adopted from a Germanic name composed of the elements "hug", heart, mind, spirit, with "hard", hardy, brave, strong; or it may derive from the Anglo-Scandinavian personal name "Haward", composed of the Old Norse elements "ha", high and "varthr", guardian. The names "Huardus, Huart" and "Houardus", all appear in the Domesday Book of 1086. In the modern idiom, the surname has many variant spellings, ranging from Howerd and Heward and Huard.

Alain: Celtic
In Celtic, the name Alain means- Variant of Alan: Harmony, stone, or noble. Also fair, handsome. Originally a saints name, it was reintroduced to Britain during the Norman Conquest, remained popular throughout the Middle Ages, and was revived in the 19th century.. Other origins for the name Alain include - Celtic, French, French, Gaelic, English.The name Alain is most often used as a boy name or male name.


Glazier: Angelo-Saxon
This unusual surname, of Anglo-Saxon origin, is an occupational name for a glazier or glass blower, deriving from the Olde English pre 7th Century "glats" meaning "glass", with the addition of the agent suffix '-er'. Job descriptive surnames originally denoted the actual occupation of the namebearer and later became hereditary.

LeCouffe: ????
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Bourre: ????
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Ferlatte: ????
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Laviolette: French
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Savoye: French
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Voellinger: ????
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Rath: Oriya
Rath or Rathasharma are Utkala Brahmins having Atreya or Krishnatreya gotra.The surname in ancient days were given according to gotra and the speciality of the job done by brahmin scholars.They especially specialise the Vikriti Paatha of Shukla Yajurveda and Rigveda which is Ratha Patha.The Veda can be recited in 11 different ways among which 3 are prakruti and rest 7 are Vikruti.

Palagia: ????
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Grunwald: German or Swedish
This interesting name is a dialectal variant derivation from either the German "Grunwalde or Grunwald" or the Swedish "Grounval", the translation being "the dweller in green forest". There are over one hundred medieval Germanic surnames commencing with the prefix "Grun" or the later "Gron", (green) all are askenazic and replace original hebrew etymology or were names "imposed" by the authorities to ensure easy identification. These "topographical" surnames include examples such as Grunbaum (Greentree), Grinberg (green hill), Gruengras (Greengrass) Grunwald, Grunwall, and Grinvald (all green forest).

Bauman: German
This interesting and long-established surname is of early medieval German origin, and is either a status name for a small farmer or a nickname meaning "neighbour, fellow citizen". The derivation is from the German "Bauer" (Middle High German, "(ge)bur"), ultimately from the Old High German "giburo". The Middle High German word denoted an occupier of a bur, a small dwelling or cottage; hence, "neighbour, fellow citizen", but this word later fell together with the Middle High German "buwaeere", an agent noun from the Old High German "buan", to cultivate (the land), thereby denoting a peasant farmer, one who depends on either cottage industry or agricultural labour as a means of subsistence.

Wimmer: English
Recorded today in the spellings of Wimlett, Wimlet, Wimmer, Wimmers, and Wymer, but originally only recorded in the latter spelling, this is a very rare English surname. However spelt it is a derivative form of the pre 7th century Anglo-Saxon personal name 'Wigmar' or the slightly later Breton 'Wimarch'. The former was a name brought from Germany in the 6th century, and the latter an 'introduction' by the Norman-French at the 1066 Invasion of England. The Anglo-Saxon name translates as 'war-famous' and the latter 'worthy-horse', both suitable names for 'invaders'. However after the 12th century they became assimilated in a single form of 'Wymer', firstly as a personal name and then itself a popular surname. A short form of 'Wim' developed as a personal name in the 14th century, and from this developed the later surname forms with the addition of the diminutive suffix ending 'et(t)', or sometimes 'ot(t). Both are short versions of the French word 'petit' to give a translation of 'Little Wim' or perhaps 'son of Wim'.

Marker: ????
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Kohler: German
This is a German surname of early medieval origins. Recorded in a variety of spellings including Kahler, Kohler, Kohlert and Kohlerman, it was originally either an occupational name for a charcoal maker, and later a collier or more likely an owner of coal mines, or it was a locational surname of landowning origins, from a place called Koler. Curiously the word as kohl or kohle was used to describes a cabbage grower, whilst the topgraphical surnames Kohlheim and Kohlhof can mean either cabbage hamlet or house or coal hamlet or house. Occupational surnames, although amongst the first to be created, only became hereditary if a son continued in the same occupation as the father.

Arnold: Olde German and Anglo-Saxton

This ancient and distinguished surname, recorded in over fifty spellings, is usually of Olde German and Anglo-Saxon origins. It derives from a baptismal compound personal name Ernault or Arnolt, of which the elements are "arn", meaning an eagle, and "wald", to rule. The name spread rapidly throughout Northern Europe in the period known as "The dark ages", roughly between the 6th and 11th centuries a.d., and following the fall of the Roman Empire. There are now many different spellings of the surname and examples include Arnhold, Arnout, Arnatt, Erni, Harnett, Arnould, Arnaud, Ahrend, Arnaudi, Arlett, Arnaudin, Arnaiz, Arents and many others. The first country in the world to adopt hereditary surnames as we know them today was England, where they were first used, although only by the nobility or clergy, after the Norman-French Invasion of 1066. In the year 1086 the Normans completed a survey of the country known as the Domesday Book, this being the first gazetter of its kind ever produced.  

Iederer: ????
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Kastner: German
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Meunier: French
Noble surnames, such as Meunier, evoke images of the ancient homeland of the French people. The Meunier surname may be a local surname, that is, a name derived from the name of a place where they once lived, or held land. The meunienr family name is thought to have frives from Meunet, a town in the department of Indre, in the district of Issouidun. It has been suggested that Meunier may have been an offupational name for a miller, deriving from the word "meuiner" or "mounier", in Olde French.






As you can see, there is a LOT. I listed Paternal surnames in blue and Maternal surnames in purple. Can you tell which side I have had the most luck with? I can go fairly far back on my Maternal side. 

I feel that ya'll should know that this post took me over an hour and half to complete this post, and in all reality it is not finished. A few surnames I was never able to find anything about! Grrrrr! Another time perhaps.



Nikki

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